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What is lawn sand?
Lawn sands are a bit of an old-school thing. It used to be put down and it used to green up the grass, attack the moss, and attack weeds. The biggest issue with it is that it's quite often/ prone to scorching the grass. That's why, nowadays, it's not the first choice in moss-killing.
What is the difference between sand and lawn sand?
If you've read about lawn sand and you're thinking about using it to improve your lawn, just be aware that it is not ordinary sand. It has a very high iron content, iron doesn’t actually kill the moss but darkens the lawn and greens it up nicely. Normal sand is just normal sand.
What type of fertiliser should I use?
It all depends what time of year it is. If in springtime you're going to be looking for a fertilizer which is high in nitrogen which is really going to grow the grass and kick it into life. As we draw into the summer we're going to look for more of a balanced fertilizer, where there are three components: nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium. Autumn is when your not looking to grow the grass so much. So the nitrogen number is going to lower and we're going to be looking for a higher phosphate and potassium content. The potassium is going to look after the grass and keep it healthy, the phosphate is going to develop the root growth so hopefully it will be more drought tolerant during the summer.
When should I fertilise my lawn?
Fertilizer should be used all year round. If you think of the three main components of fertilizer - nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium it helps you to work out which one's right. Nitrogen is going to grow the grass so you really want to use that in the springtime to kick the blue one into life. Also, if you can get some high potassium in there as well to look after the health of the plant. As we draw into the summer, you want to balance it off a little bit. So the components are a little more balanced. Spring and autumn time is when your going to look to slow the growth down, so we're going to use less nitrogen and we're going to be concentrating on the health of the plant. So, high potassium, and then also looking at root development, so high phosphates.
How much do I need to fertilise my lawn?
Every pack is different so firstly you've got to understand what the application rate is and the grams per square meter. Once you've worked that out, you'll also need to take the measurement of the area which you are trying to fertilize(width and length), times that by each other which will give you the square meterage and tell you how many packs of fertilizer you'll need.
You need to look at the life of that fertilizer once it's been spread, whether it works for six months, or three months. Remember that we're going for a whole year's fertilizing program. This is going to tell you how much you need and how much you're going to put down.
How to spread fertiliser
You can do this by using a fertilizer spreader which come in different forms. A cyclone spreader which is like a disk and it drops it down, it spins it, and it kicks it out. A drop spreader is where it literally is in a container and just drops it through. Also, you can get a little hand spreader which is something you'd hold and turn and it just spreads it out.
If you're doing it by hand a good way to do this is to use some canes and mark out a square meter. If you're putting on the fertilizer at 30 grams per square meter you'll need to weigh out 30 grams and then by hand, just sprinkle it in that area and then move on to the other one. An easy and better way to do this is to get a more even spread is to take that 30 grams, split it, and then put half on in one direction and then take the other half and put it on in the other direction to make sure you get an even cover. Now, this is going to take a long time so I only advise you do that on a really small lawn.
Do I need to pay someone else to treat my lawn?
The question to ask yourself is have you got the time? Have you got the equipment? And have you got the knowledge? Any kind of lawn care is going to help improve your lawn, but sometimes you might get stuck in a rut and need to just hire someone to come in and help you take your lawn to the next level.